When all of these factors are taken into account, the largest airport in the Ex-Yu region will have to increase capacity. The airport plans to reopen terminal 1 after 3 years. The terminal was closed in 2006 when the refurbished multi million Euro terminal 2 was opened. The original plan was to keep terminal 1 open if Montenegro did not declare independence. That year, Montenegro voted on the issue of whether it would stay within a state union with Serbia. If the scenario turned out that Montenegro would stay within the state union, terminal 1 would have been separated from terminal 2 and it would have been used exclusively for flights between Belgrade, Tivat, Podgorica and Niš. Since Montenegro voted for its independence the terminal was closed.
From 2010 terminal 1 will be used exclusively by low cost airlines, with Niki expected to be the largest low cost operator from Belgrade. The terminal would also be used by charter airlines. The airport’s authorities have decided to test the terminal with check in desks opening for Nouvelair, Atlasjet, Pegasus Airlines and some Jat Airways flights. Passengers that will be checking in at terminal 1 for a Jat flight are those travelling on the airline’s charter summer services. Together terminal 1 and 2 have a capacity of 7 million.
The new visa liberalisation from January 1, 2010 will also apply for citizens of Macedonia and Montenegro. Croatian citizens do not need visas to travel to the European Union, and naturally Slovenian citizens, as European Union citizens do not require visas either. The only country in the former Yugoslavia, after January 1, that will remain with visa restrictions are those in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Before the civil wars a Yugoslav passport allowed visa free travel to almost any country.