|High score for Macedonia’s airport infrastructure|
The World Economic Forum has published its acclaimed biannual Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report, in which it measures and ranks the competitiveness of 141 economies, comprising of fourteen pillars, one of which is air transport. In the 2015 report, Macedonia was named as having the highest quality airport infrastructure in the former Yugoslavia, although Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo were not included in the survey. Two-thirds of the data in the report are provided by international organisations, with the remaining third based on surveys carried out among over 15.000 business executives and business leaders annually in all the economies included in the assessment. The survey represents a unique source of insight into critical aspects of travel and tourism competitiveness.
Quality of air transport infrastructure
Macedonia ranked 59th in the world for its airport infrastructure, with an average mark of 4.7 (with 1 being the lowest and 7 the highest). It was followed by Slovenia, which took 67th place, Montenegro 74th and Croatia close behind in 76th place. Serbia fell behind in the rankings, taking up 111th position. Singapore boasted the best airport infrastructure in the world, followed by the United Arab Emirates and Hong Kong. Skopje Airport was recently named Eastern Europe’s ninth best airport in a global annual passenger survey conducted by Skytrax. In both 2013 and 2014 it was also crowned the best airport in Europe handling under two million passengers by Airports Council International (ACI). With six air bridges and a capacity to handle four million passengers per year, some 110 million euros were invested into Skopje Airport’s new terminal building which opened in September 2011.
Available seat kilometres (ASK), international
|Global rank||Country||ASK (millions)|
|Global rank||Country||Departures (per 1.000 people)|
According to the World Economic Forum, Croatia had the most available seat kilometres on offer on international services in the former Yugoslavia, based on a 2014 average. It achieved a global rank of 83, followed by Serbia and Montenegro. On the other hand, Macedonia positioned itself as 121st out of 141 economies surveyed. Unsurprisingly, the United States had the most available seat kilometres. Based on the number of aircraft departures per 1.000 people, Montenegro performed best in the former Yugoslav region, ranking 31st in the world, trailed by Slovenia and Croatia. Croatia had the largest number of airlines with scheduled flights originating in the country, positioning itself as 33rd. It was followed closely by Serbia, while Slovenia faired worst, in 114th place.
Airport density, with at least one scheduled flight (2014)
Overall, Spain was named as the most competitive country in the travel and tourism sector. Croatia was 33rd, Slovenia 39th, Montenegro 67th, Macedonia 82nd and Serbia 95th.
Number of operating airlines
|Global rank||Country||No. of airlines (annual average)|