Nordica to pursue Adria loan


Estonia's national carrier Nordica says it still plans to claim back a 7.8 million euro loan it made to Adria Airways, which has since depreciated, but gave no timeframe when it would seek repayments, noting it was "no secret" the Slovenian carrier is having financial problems. Nordica, which was set up in late 2015 with the assistance of Adria, ended its partnership with the airline in November 2016 by giving it a 7.8 million euro loan at a contractual interest rate of 15%. For a year following the foundation of Nordica as the successor to bankrupt Estonian Air, Adria was the carrier's most important partner, providing it with a booking system, as well as operational services and staff training.

Upon the completion of the partnership in 2016, a part of Nordica’s liquid assets in Adria were converted into a loan as agreed by both sides. The result was a debt by Adria to Nordica in the form of cash debt converted into a loan. The loan period is six years, however, the Estonian carrier has constantly depreciated its value, which has raised eyebrows with auditors. PricewaterhouseCoopers, which has come under fire over its auditing of Adria's 2018 financial report, has reviewed Nordica's reports in the past, noting that the loan does not corresponded to good financial practice. It said there was insufficient proof of similar interest rates on the market, and hence they hadn’t been able to find sufficient evidence to assess the likelihood of Adria ever paying back the loan.

The Chief Financial Officer of the Nordica Aviation Group, Kristi Ojakaar, told the Estonian daily "Postimees" the company would pursue loan repayments. "We devalued the loan since the probability of a full repayment was small, primarily because of Adria's difficult financial situation, which is no secret. Of course, this is not a gift. Adria paid off part of the debt last year, some 800.000 euros. We will actively continue to engage in claiming the debt", Ms Ojakaar said, but gave no details on the amount that is still owed. Nordica registered a net loss of 5.4 million euros last year, while Adria is expected to post one of its biggest losses to date. The cooperation agreement between Adria and Nordica was expected to last until at least the end of 2017, however, in 2016 the Estonian airline opted to ink a similar deal with LOT Polish Airlines and end its arrangement with Adria.




Comments

  1. Those EUR800,000 they gave back to Nordica last year must have had an impact on Adria's finances.

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    1. If the loan has depreciated they probably don't have much left to repay.

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  2. Why did they end the deal with Nordica in the first place?

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    1. Because LOT was interested in Nordica at that time. Later both realised it was a mistake. Its interesting to see this "loan" because its not given to Adria but is the value of Nordica's liquid assets. I dont think it should considered the same as a regular loan.

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    2. But Adria was also interested in Nordica? No?

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  3. Haha you won't get terms on a loan like that anywhere.

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  4. The deal with Nordica was obviously a sweet one.

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    1. Actually it sounds really murky.

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    2. I wonder why they terminated it.

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    3. It wasn't terminated by Adria, it was terminated by Nordica.

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    4. I think JP stood no chance the moment Lot approached Nordica. There was no good enough reason for them to chose JP over LO.

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    5. Well now they have been swallowed up by LOT.

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  5. More and more will those that you owe money to start to pursue repayments before you disappear.

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    1. Yes eventually it will come down like a house of cards.

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  6. Should also be said that Jan Palmer who was 4K Invest advisor in 2016 lobbied the Estonian government to make a commercial alliance with Adria instead of going with LOT. Problrm is he was also an advisor to Nordica at the same time.

    Also Adria's new managing director Sven Kukemelk used to be Nordica's Executive Director for Business Development then CEO of affiliate Regional Jet.

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    1. Is it just me or is everyone here interlinked, intertwined and in some sort of conflict of interest??

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    2. +1 last anon

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    3. Ponzi scheme next generation!

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    4. I wouldn't be surprised if it turns out that the Danish maintenance provider Adria chose also does maintenance for Nordica.

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    5. I don't think it is.

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  7. An airline with nothing but trouble. Not good for a 58 year old airline with so much history...

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    1. There really haven't been any positive developments at JP for a long time.

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  8. Telenovela continues...

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  9. Whenever things like this come up, I always think how come no one cares about who and what this 4K is. When Etihad got 49% of Air Serbia, people were screaming off the top of their lungs how they wanted to see the contract between Etihad and Air Serbia. What about 4K? Who are they? No one knows anything about them. No one knows who their past or present clients are. Their website certainly does not list them. No one knows who actually owns them. Last time a Slovenian press tried to find out it turned out to be Iranian capital. It's really odd that no one seems to care.

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    1. Why should people care? It's a private company now, and they can do whatever they want. Either buy 100 aircraft or close shop tomorrow.

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    2. Ofcourse people should care because private or not it is the national airline of Slovenia, which has been supported by tax payers until January 2016. Its the airline that has a huge share at Ljubljana Airport and whose collapse would hit the Slovenian economy. Being a private company does not give you a free pass to act as if you have no responsibilities to the community.

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    3. And to add - the least the Slovenian government should have done is clearly state who they sold the company to and under what conditions.

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    4. What responsibilities to the community? They do not operate any PSO routes. Airlines are free to compete and operate on a free market.

      About supporting economy, if it weren't for protectionism from the government (keeping Adria on life support for decades), we would have seen more foreign carriers in LJU. And they would probably pay their suppliers and service providers on time (fuel, airport charges, ATC services).

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    5. I must admit it is odd that Adria is 4Ks only known client. There is no record of them buying any other company or a portfolio of clients on their website.

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    6. While past doesn't really matter anymore, present and the future of JP is still important for Slovenian economy and society as a whole.

      Although I admit, if JP fails London, AMS, CDG, IST, Moscow and BEG will still be there.

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    7. Iranian capital? Is it connected to the NLB
      (biggest state owned bank in Slovenia) money laundering of Iranian money?

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    8. Evo o 4K iz mog članka:

      Zašto se Slovenije odlučila za 4K
      Iz odgovora Ministarstva financija Slovenije od 22.2.2016. na zastupničko pitanje o prodaji Adrie Airways kompaniji 4K Invest, a koji je pripremio Slovenski državni holding d.d. (SDH), a koji dokument imam u posjedu, vidljiv je niz interesantnih detalja o prodaji Adrie.

      SDH tvrdi da je upit za prodaju Adrie poslan na više od 100 kompanija, da su dobili velik broj ponuda i da su sve ponude tražile participiranje Slovenije u iznosu od 5,6 do 8 milijuna EUR u dokapitalizaciji Adrie. Sve ponude su imale simbolične iznose za kupnju. Ponude su sadržavale i zahtjev za otpisima dugova, odgodama plaćanja, te mogućnostima kreditiranja u neposrednoj budućnosti. SDH tvrdi da je 4K bio jedini investitor koji je ponudio sudjelovanje u dokapitalizaciji (na kraju je omjer dokapitalizacije 4K i Republike Slovenije bio 1:3).

      Nažalost SDH, ni Ministarstvo nisu ponudili uvid u navedene „brojne“ ponude, čak nisu ni naveli tko su bili kandidati, tj. ponuđači, pa se ovi podaci ne mogu provjeriti, te su ovi kumulativni podaci upitnog kredibiliteta, posebno u rasponima i nedostatku informacija o kontekstu u kojem su navedeni. Naime, neki ponuđač je možda i tražio veće sudjelovanje u dokapitalizaciji Slovenije, ali je možda dao druge bitno bolje benefite poput garancija širenja mreže i flote, povećanja broja putnika, možda se radi o kvalitetnim avio-kompanijama a ne investitoru koji do tada nije imao ni jedno jedino iskustvo u akvizicijama u zrakoplovnim kompanijama, definiranje perioda u kojem Adria ne može ići u bankrot isl.

      4K je vrlo mlada kompanija. Osim gorenje spomenutog primjera likvidacije finskog trgovačkog lanca Anttila, kompanija je nakon dvije godine prodala njemačku elektroničku kompaniju Periscope kompaniji Cemtrex, preuzela je proizvođača poliesterskih proizvoda TWD Fibers, kemijsku kompaniju Alz Chem, te još nekoliko manjih kompanija. 4K je kupila i preprodala Adler (trgovina tekstilom), Woolworth (trgovina tekstilom), Rohner (kemijska industrija), skw (kemijska industrija), Goldgas (prodaja plina), Zielpunkt (trgovac hranom na malo), Versatel (telekomunikacije) idr. 4K se prije Adrie nije bavio avio-businessom, a što je vidljivo i u poslovanju Adrie. Radi ozbiljne početničke greške i vidljivo je da nemaju iskustva u ovom specifičnom businessu.

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    9. U ponudi 4K je ustvrdio da smatra da Adria može biti uspješna zrakoplovna kompanija sa liderskom pozicijom u Jugoistočnoj Europi. 4K je ponudio plan restrukturacije Adrie. Za kupnju Adrie 4K Invest je osnovala posebno trgovačko društvo SPV Special Purchase Vehicle 4K KNDNS GmbH registrirano u Njemačkoj. Ugovorna obveza investicije je 4K Invest iz Luksemburga, te se na isto uporablja Luksemburško pravo.

      SDH je analizirala više scenarija rješenja problema Adrie: stečaj, osnivanje nove pravne osobe (poput Swissa ili Brusselsa), te dokapitalizacija i prodaja. SDH je nakon analize ustanovila da je dokapitalizacija i prodaja najbolja opcija i da je isto najmanje koštalo Sloveniju, jer bi osnivanje nove pravne osobe i stečaj koštalo daleko više. SDH tvrdi da bi trošak stečaja bio 3,2 milijuna EUR, dok je Slovenija dokapitalizirala Adriu sa 3,1 milijun EUR da bi je prodala 4K Investu za 100.000 EUR, no Adria je na ovaj način nastavila djelovati. Kako bi trošak stečaja bio veći od dokapitalizacije (za 100.000 EUR) samim time ne radi se o nelegalnoj pomoći države, koju bi Europska unija sankcionirala. Uz to SDH jasno navodi da Adrija uplaćuje na ime poreza i doprinosa godišnje 10 milijuna EUR, čega u slučaju stečaja ne bi bilo, te da bi isto stvorilo i 400.000 EUR novih mjesečnih troškova na ime prelaska djelatnika na zavod za zapošljavanje i socijalne pomoći istima kao nezaposlenima.

      SDH uz to navodi važnost Adrie za slovensko gospodarstvo, obzirom da je Adria u 2015. dovezla 200.000 turista koji su u Sloveniju donijeli 28 milijuna EUR (140 EUR po turistu). Adrija povezuje Sloveniju sa 200 tjednih letova na 30 destinacija. Uz to preko partnera u Star Alliansi i code-share ugovorima Adria povezuje Sloveniju sa cijelim svijetom, ukidanjem Adrie Slovenija ne bi bila povezana sa balkanskim aerodromima (Sarajevo, Skopje, Priština, Podgorica, Tirana) što bi bilo vrlo štetno za slovensko gospodarstvo jer druge kompanije ne bi preuzele ove linije u slučaju ukidanja Adrie. SDH naglašava da Adria generira oko 150 milijuna EUR prihoda koji se realiziraju u Sloveniji.

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  10. Has Adria's schedule stabilised?

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    1. Somewhat. So far they have cancelled only 1 flights today - Skopje.

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    2. Today seems good but last few days there were many cancellations.

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    3. It looks like all aircraft are back in service.

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    4. That poor Skopje flight gets cancelled all the time.

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    5. You spoke too soon. Evening Vienna flight has just been cancelled.

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    6. I find it hilarious that on their "flight status" page Adria has completely removed the Vienna flight. They didn't write cancelled, they simply removed the flight as if it never existed.

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    7. You really did speak too soon. Afternoon Zurich flight on Saab has also been cancelled.

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    8. JP311. They also conveniently deleted it from the flight status page.

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  11. As summer advances JP troubles will only increase since thatst when winter bookings start to happen and they are always lower than summer ones. That's why so many airlines go bankrupt after new year. I don't know how JP plans on surviving this winter.

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    1. Some "strategic partner" will come along, like that German guy with companies registered in Malta who is connected to 4K and they will pump more cash from god knows where.

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    2. Sukhoi was their safety net for summer and winter but that fell through. We will see who they find now.

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    3. I don't know a sane company that would get themselves involved in this.

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    4. One from the Cayman Islands.

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    5. Agree with anonymous 9.28 this winter is critical for JP.

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  12. I don't think there is a single airline in ex-yu that doesn't have fishy business practices.

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    1. Mmm YM is pretty transparent actually.

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    2. I don't know if your being serious or just joking. I hope it's the latter.

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    3. Anon 09:40 very transparent about being heavily subsidized by the MN government.

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    4. All of them are nontransparent and corrupt.

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  13. It could not have come at a worse time for them.

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    1. If you read the article, it doesn't seem Nordica is too phased by this debt and is not going to ask Adria to repay it straight away.

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    2. You might have missed the part that Nordica is recording losses as well. As long as that keeps happening, they will start looking for the loan to be repayed, no matter what they say.

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  14. Funny how Estonia's and Slovenia's flag carriers are called Nordica and Adria respectively when neither of them have anything to do with Nordic states or the Adriatic sea

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    1. What the hell are you talking about? Baltic states are regularly regarded as part of the Nordics (in fact Estonian is closely related to Finnish), and Slovenia has almost 50 km of coastline on the Adriatic.

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    2. Life has been good to you @anon 9.35

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    3. Anonymous 09:39: haha, missed the geography classes, have you? ;)

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    4. Anonymous at 09.39 is right. Names are not rappresentative of the countries.

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    5. With this logic, why is Wizzair the unofficial flag carrier of N Macedonia which has got nothing to do with Hungary?

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  15. Can someone explain to me what is Nordica's current status. They have been bought up by LOT and no longer operate their own flights but they still exist? I don't get it.

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    1. Something that will probably happen with Adria too sooner or later


      Estonia’s national airline, Nordica, will give up operating commercial flights in its own name for the foreseeable future, blaming overcapacity at its home hub at Tallinn Airport.

      Nordica will continue to operate public service obligation flights (the European equivalent of US Essential Air Services program) and will use its fleet for ACMI services on behalf of other carriers.

      The state-owned airline will cease selling tickets for flights after Oct. 26. Under an agreement with Polish national airline LOT, the latter company will take over the management of ticket sales and customer service, while Nordica will focus solely on operating flights.

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    2. Nordic Aviation Group (=Nordica) is just an holding company without AOC. Part of planes are owned by Transpordi Varahaldus (a state owned company), staff belongs to another company and Regional Jet (51% Estonian, 49% LOT) operates all the flights renting planes from Transpordi Varahaldus and staff from a rental company. Nordica just hired a new boss who will start in September. On the other hand they quit all flights from Tallinn and operate (Regional Jet operates) only as an ACMI company (4+4 ATRs and 2 CRJ for SAS, Some Swedish routes with CRJ, one plane for Air Serbia and the rest (from soon to be 23 planes) for LOT.

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    3. Ah I see. So basically they are one of those virtual carriers.

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  16. I don't know who will disappear first - Nordica or Adria.

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    1. Nordica as an airline already has.

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  17. I really hope there will be some solution for Adria sooner or later. Problems just seem to be piling up.

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    Replies
    1. At least my flight to Munich this morning was not cancelled. :D

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    2. Good to hear. If I remember correctly you were rightly worried a few days ago. Hope the flight was good. How were the loads?

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    3. I'm also interested if you could share your experience with them, considering the difficult times the company is going through.

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    4. LF was around 50-60%. There was no one in "business" class except cabin crew and pilot for Adria's CRJ-900 based in MUC, I would assume leased to Lufthansa. Flight was on time, surprisingly cabin crew seemed quite positive. Flight was 50ish minutes only so uneventful. I fly with Adria regularly, never had any issues tho I use them only to reach star alliance hubs (MUC, FRA, ZRH). I may write the whole trip report to Portland if I find time in the next few days.

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    5. Thanks for the info. That would be great :)

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  18. Perhaps the new GM who used to be high up at Nordica can resolve this.

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    1. How can he resolve it? Just because he worked their they won't forget this loan.

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    2. Their seems to be too many coincidences. People working for one airline then the other, both airlines with fishy deals, same advisers, same auditors...

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  19. The solution would be to bankrupt this company and for the government to set up new national carrier and give it to a foreign strategic partner with actual airline experience to manage it.

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    1. Also government should buy the Adria brand name. Would be unfortunate for it to disappear.

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    2. It will be cheaper just to let foreign airlines flood the market.

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    3. In my opinion, there will be no "market flooding". That is why, Alenka Bratusek had a meeting with Aero4M about the possibility of them taking over the BRU route. Even though she is not the brightest nor the most competent (after all, she was the PM when Adria's fate was being decided), she knows that foreign airlines are not that eager to take over Adria's routes.

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    4. Wow never thought about Aero4m. What kind of fleet do they have at the moment?

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    5. They are wet leasing an ATR to HOP this summer. I presume they would have to get something bigger for Brussels route
      https://www.exyuaviation.com/2019/02/slovenias-aero4m-wet-leases-plane-to.html

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    6. Well at least they contacted Slovenian airline first which is nice.

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    7. Agree with 10.18. The brand is iconic.

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    8. They have no plans to renationalise or buy the brand. They already made that clear. They said they would give subsidies to other airline to maintain key routes.

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    9. Brand is iconic? What do you think people think when you mention Adria today?

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  20. Is it just me or do the white stickers they used on the aircraft in the photo to cover up previous livery is completely crumpled around the tail

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  21. This slow death is excruciating to watch.

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    1. Slovenian media are speculating they won't survive past October.

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  22. Adria failed to adapt to the market and needs to go. Shame, as the market has very low cost penetration. Should have kept CRJ900 for high frequency flights to *A hubs (FRA, VIE, MUC, ZRH, BRU), got rid of CRJ700 and Saabs and expanded A319 fleet to connect major European network at low frequency. Instead they have too many aircraft types, poor utilisation and abysmal European network.

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  23. Who on earth approved this sort of arrangement. This is ludicrous.

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    Replies
    1. I see how it worked well for Adria but not for Nordica.

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  24. I wonder if Ljubljana-Talinn flights would be feasible (2x weekly?)

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    1. How would it be feasible? Adria couldn't make Ljubljana-Sofia work, let alone Tallinn.

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  25. "Primarily because of Adria's difficult financial situation, which is no secret"

    How come? Didn't 4K say they were doing well financially.

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  26. Not good to see but what is more annoying for me is that this is a real good opportunity for OU. They can set up a Ljubljana base starting with 2 to 4 CRJ1000 (wet leased) and basically get headache free what would have been the proposed merger. Star base, miles and more members.

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    Replies
    1. Yes, they could start with CRJ900 leased from JP. What an irony what would be!

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  27. BTW, Nordica has lost some PSO in Estonia, so they are missing some money obviously.
    They are also in mode of trying to squeeze every single dolar in order to survive as company

    https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/79621-nordicas-saaremaa-pso-award-appeal-rejected

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